For Pet Keepers, worms may seem like simple creatures, but they play a crucial role in maintaining the health of our soil and ecosystems.

Worms are also an important source of food for many animals – including pets fish and birds. If you’re interested in keeping worms alive, one of the most important factors to consider is their diet.

In this article, I will explore The Ideal Menu to Keep Your Worms Alive and Healthy.

II. Why Keeping Worms Alive?

Before we dive into Foods that Help Sustain Worm Populations, let’s first consider why it’s important to keep them alive. There are several benefits to maintaining a healthy worm population, including:

  1. Worms as food for pets: Many Pet Owners feed their animals live worms – such as mealworms or earthworms. These can be a nutritious and protein-rich alternative to traditional pet food sold in stores.
  2. Worms for fishing: Worms are a popular bait for many types of fishing, from freshwater to saltwater. If Anglers keep a supply of live worms, they can increase their chances of a successful catch.
  3. Composting and soil health: Worms are also an important component of healthy soil. They help break-down organic matter and release nutrients into the soil – which can improve plant growth and overall soil quality.
Night worms for fishing

III. What to Feed Worms to Keep them Alive

Now that I’ve mentioned some reasons and the importance of keeping worms alive; let us look for Nourishing Worm Foods for Optimal Growth and Reproduction.

Here are some of the Best Foods to offer your worms to keep them alive:

  1. Kitchen Scraps – Worms can eat a variety of kitchen scraps, including vegetable and fruit peels, coffee grounds, tea bags, eggshells, and stale bread. These are all rich in nutrients that can help keep your worms healthy and active.
  2. Yard Waste – If you have a yard, you likely have plenty of waste material that worms can eat. Leaves, grass clippings, and other yard waste – you can add all this to your worm bin or compost pile.
  3. Newspaper and Cardboard – Worms can also eat shredded newspaper and cardboard, as long as they are not glossy or coated with chemicals. These materials can help balance the moisture content in your bin or pile.
  4. Manure – Worms thrive on manure from herbivorous animals such as cows, horses, and rabbits. This can be a great source of nutrients for your worms – but be sure to let this manure age for a few weeks before adding it to your bin or pile.

Note: Worms require a balanced diet, so it’s best if you feed them a mix of different types of organic materials. Avoid overfeeding or adding too much of any one type of food, as this can upset the balance in your bin or pile.

What do you Feed Earthworms to Keep them Alive

Earthworms are a type of worm that lives in soil and plays an important role in soil health.

While Earthworms do not typically live in “Worm-Bins” like composting worms – they can still benefit from a healthy diet.

Earthworm Nutrition: Foods to Support a Healthy and Productive Worm Colony:

  1. Organic matter – Earthworms feed on organic matter in soil, such as dead leaves, grass clippings, and other plant debris. If you add some organic matter to your soil, you can provide a steady source of food for earthworms.
  2. Compost – If you have a compost pile – earthworms may naturally migrate to it to feed on the organic matter. Add some compost to your soil – this can also help increase the population of earthworms.
  3. Manure – Like composting worms, earthworms can benefit from manure from herbivorous animals such as cows, horses, and rabbits. It’s essential to let the manure age for a few weeks before adding it to your soil to avoid any potential health risks.
  4. Organic fertilizer – You can also feed earthworms with organic fertilizers such as bone meal, fish meal, or blood meal. These fertilizers can help provide nutrients to the soil and encourage earthworms to thrive.


Kitchen scraps such as vegetable and fruit peels, coffee grounds, tea bags, eggshells, and stale bread, yard waste, shredded newspaper and cardboard.

Manure from herbivorous animals such as cows, horses, and rabbits are all nutritious food sources to Keep Your Worms Thriving

IV. How can you Keep Worms Alive in a Refrigerator

It is not recommended that you keep worms alive in a refrigerator for an extended period of time. Worms are living creatures that require specific environmental conditions to survive – a refrigerator is not a suitable environment for them.

In some cases, you may need to keep worms temporarily in a refrigerator – for a short period of time. For example, if you need to transport worms or keep them in storage for a few days before using them as bait.

If you need to keep worms alive in a refrigerator, here are some tips to follow:

  • Use a suitable container – You’ll need a container that is large enough to hold your worms. A plastic container with a lid or a plastic bag with air holes can work well.
  • Add moist bedding material – Worms need a moist environment to survive, so add a layer of moist bedding material to the bottom of the container. You can use shredded newspaper, coconut coir, or peat moss.
  • Add food – While worms in a refrigerator will not require as much food as those in a worm bin, you can still add some small amounts of organic materials such as fruit and vegetable scraps or bread crumbs.
  • Keep the container cool but not too cold – Ideally, you should set the temperature of the refrigerator between 40-50°F (4-10°C). If the temperature is too cold, the worms may become sluggish or even die.
  • Check on the worms regularly – Even in a refrigerator, worms will require some attention. Check on them daily to ensure they are still alive and add small amounts of food and water as needed.

It’s important that you move the worms back to a suitable environment, such as a worm-bin or soil, as soon as possible to ensure their long-term survival.

Keeping worms in a refrigerator should only be done for a short period of time and as a last resort.

V. Tips for Keeping Worms Alive

Feeding Your Worms for Longevity and Productivity is just one aspect of keeping them Healthy and Happy. Here are some additional tips to help ensure their well-being:

  1. Keep the bin or pile moist – Worms need a moist environment to survive, so be sure to keep the bedding material in your bin or pile damp. You can add water as needed to maintain the right level of moisture.
  2. Avoid overfeeding – While it may be tempting to give your worms plenty of food, overfeeding can lead to odors and attract pests. Feed your worms small amounts of food at a time and wait for them to finish it before adding more.
  3. Monitor the temperature – Worms prefer temperatures between 55 and 77 degrees Fahrenheit. If your bin or pile gets too hot or too cold, your worms may become stressed or die off.
  4. Avoid adding meat or dairy – These types of foods can attract pests and cause odors in your bin or pile. Stick to vegetarian food scraps – and avoid adding any kind of animal-products.


Keeping worms alive and healthy is an important aspect of maintaining a healthy ecosystem and soil; by providing worms with a balanced diet of organic materials like:

Nourishing Worm Foods for Optimal Growth and Reproduction like – Kitchen scraps, yard waste, newspaper and cardboard, and manure, you can help ensure their well-being and longevity.

Besides Feeding your worms the right foods to keep them alive, you also need to maintain a suitable environment for them. This means keeping the bedding material moist, avoid overfeeding, monitor the temperature, and avoiding adding meat or dairy.

There are many resources available to help you get started and supply worms with the proper food to keep them alive.

  1. Your local garden center – Many garden centers carry supplies for worm composting and can offer advice on how to get started.
  2. Online resources – There are many websites and forums dedicated to worm composting and vermiculture. Some popular ones include Red Worm Composting ( and Vermiculture Technology (
  3. Books – There are many books available on the topic of worm composting and vermiculture, including “Worms Eat My Garbage” by Mary Appelhof and “The Worm Book” by Loren Nancarrow and Janet Hogan Taylor.
  4. Worm suppliers – Interested in raising worms for fishing or as a pet food source – there are many suppliers that sell live worms. Just be sure to research reputable suppliers before making a purchase.

With a little bit of effort, you can help maintain a thriving population of worms that can benefit both your garden and the wider ecosystem.

So finally, “What can you feed your worms to keep them alive?” – A variety of organic materials – that are rich in nutrients – balanced with a suitable environment for worms – will ensure that your worms remain healthy and happy.


  1. In a study published in the <a href=”″>Journal of Environmental Science and Health</a>, researchers found that feeding composting worms with food waste significantly increased their population and overall growth.
  2. An expert opinion on feeding worms comes from Mary Appelhof, author of the book “<a href=””>Worms Eat My Garbage</a>”. In the book, she recommends a balanced diet of fruit and vegetable scraps, coffee grounds, and eggshells for composting worms, and advises against feeding them meat, dairy, or oily foods.
  3. In a study published in the journal <a href=”″>Applied Soil Ecology</a>, researchers found that feeding earthworms with cow manure significantly increased their activity and overall abundance in soil.


Marco Heitner

Hello, my Name is Marco. My family has had pets since I can remember. Today we have a large aquarium and, since recently, a four-month old Labrador. I am the owner of this website, and it is my great pleasure to provide helpful knowledge about pets. Our team is constantly working hard to publish well-researched reports here.


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